Post-Traumatic Growth

Growth following hardship is well known. Wisdom traditions tell us that trials and tribulations hold the power to transform. Mythology and literature often build from the premise that overcoming ordeals changes the selfish and inept into the heroic and potent.

Psychological studies of ‘post-traumatic growth’ began appearing only recently. For most of the twentieth century research focused on psychiatric dysfunction, but the rise of Positive Psychology made adaptive mental life a respectable academic topic.

Publications that demonstrate how people grow emotionally, cognitively, and spiritually following hardship aren’t surprising, but they illuminate maturation’s progress. In a landmark 2004 review article, Tedeschi and Calhoun1 described how cognitive processing (thinking about the trauma and its implications for the future) starts from a position of devastation but then evolves—in those who achieve growth—toward positive reframing. These authors note that discussion, writing, and a supportive social environment favor resolution and development of meaning-rich narratives. They also state that post-traumatic growth leads to five characteristic improvements: “greater appreciation of life and changed sense of priorities; warmer, more intimate relationships with others; a greater sense of personal strength; recognition of new possibilities or paths for one's life; and spiritual development.”

Most work on post-traumatic growth has looked at discrete traumas suffered in adulthood: major illnesses and bereavements, acts of violence and warfare, natural disasters, and so on. The adult experiences an upheaval in life and then, after a time of grief and confusion, discovers transformative shifts in outlook and priorities.

When trauma occurs during childhood, however, it’s not trans-formative: it’s formative. Rather than intruding on a well-ordered personality and forcing a change in perspective, trauma that starts at an early age establishes worldviews in the first place. Can early adversity have the same beneficial effect as adult trauma?

In a 2011 study of women who grew up in homes beset by domestic violence, Anderson, et. al.,2 demonstrated clear-cut post-traumatic growth. Keys to resolution included: gaining distance from dysfunctional family members, education about their traumatic experiences (in this case, the dynamics of domestic violence), counseling and/or support groups, maturing perspective on parental behavior, and shifting from a powerless to an empowered sense of identity. Connection to a higher power and ability to find meaning in suffering aided post-traumatic growth after childhood hardship.

Positive reframing, writing and discussion, social and therapeutic support, education, healing narratives, empowerment, and spiritual exploration can be expected to help after any ordeal, including childhood adversity.  One’s early, distorted views and behaviors can be challenged and replaced by healthier ones. The obstacles may be greater and the process more prolonged, but post-traumatic growth can and does occur after childhood trauma.

1. Posttraumatic Growth: Conceptual Foundations and Empirical Evidence. Richard G. Tedeschi and Lawrence G. Calhoun. Psychological Inquiry 2004. Vol. 15, No.1. 1-18.

2. Adult Daughters of Battered Women: Recovery and Posttraumatic Growth Following Childhood Adversity. Kim M. Anderson, Fran S. Danis, & Kirsten Havig. The Journal of Contemporary Social Services 2011. Vol. 92, Issue 2. 154–160. 

© 2013, Will Meecham, MD

Comments

Posted by uyt on
burberry, http://www.burberry2015.net/
abercrombie kids, http://www.abercrombiee.com/
oakley outlet, http://www.cheapoakley.us.org/
cheap oakley sunglasses, http://www.oakleyoutlet.us.org/
oakley vault, http://www.oakleysunglassesoutlet.com.co/
swarovski crystals, http://www.swarovskijewelry.com.co/
replica louis vuitton, http://www.replicahandbags.com.co/
cheap shoes, http://www.cheapshoes.com.co/
cheap basketball shoes, http://www.basketballshoes.com.co/
coco chanel, http://www.coco-chanelbags.com.co/
true religion jeans outlet, http://www.truereligion-outlet.com.co/
abercrombie, http://www.abercrombieand-fitch.com.co/
hermes bags, http://www.hermesbirkin.com.co/
lululemon outlet, http://www.yogapants.com.co/
gucci shoes, http://www.guccishoes.us.org/
ray ban outlet, http://www.raybansunglassesoutlet.net.co/
rolex watches for sale, http://www.omegawatches.us.com/
cheap eyeglasses, http://www.eyeglassframes.us.com/
sunglasses for women, http://www.eyeglassesonline.us.com/
michaelkors.com, http://www.cheapmichaelkors.co.com/
ray ban sunglasses outlet, http://www.cheaprayban.co.com/
ray ban sunglasses, http://www.raybans.co.com/
ray ban outlet, http://www.raybanwayfarer.in.net/
chanel handbags, http://www.chanelhandbags.net.co/
flat iron, http://www.chiflatiron.net.co/
converse, http://www.converse.net.co/
salvatore ferragamo, http://www.ferragamo.com.co/
gucci shoes, http://www.guccihandbags.com.co/
hollister clothing, http://www.hollister.us.org/
north face outlet, http://www.thenorthfacejackets.in.net/
north clearance, http://www.northclearance.com/
burberry outlet online, http://www.burberry-factory.org/
polo ralph lauren, http://www.ralph-lauren.org.uk /
ralph lauren outlet online, http://www.polo-outlets.com/
polo outlet online, http://www.ralphlaurenpolo.in.net/
insanity workout, http://www.insanityworkout.net.co/
jimmy choo, http://www.jimmychoo.net.co/
jordan retro, http://www.jordan-shoes.com.co/
juicy couture outlet, http://www.juicycouture.com.co/
juicy couture handbags, http://www.juicycoutureoutlet.net.co/
kate spade handbags, http://www.kate-spade.com.co/
kate spade, http://www.katespade-outlet.com.co/
louis vuitton outlet online, http://www.louisvuitton-outlet.com.co/
michael kors, http://www.michael--kors.us.com/
michael kors outlet online, http://www.michael-kors-handbags.us.com/
michael kors purses, http://www.michael-kors-outlet.us.org/
michael kors outlet online sale, http://www.michael-kors-outlet-online.us.org/
michael kors outlet store, http://www.michaelkorsoutletonline-sale.us.com/
north face backpacks, http://www.northface.us.org/
oakley sunglasses, http://www.oakley-sunglasses.us.org/
pandora jewelry, http://www.pandorajewelry.com.co/
prada handbags, http://www.pradahandbags.com.co/
prada outlet, http://www.pradashoes.com.co/
ray ban outlet, http://www.ray-ban-outlet.us.com/
ray-ban sunglasses, http://www.rayban-sunglasses.us.org/
rolex watches for sale, http://www.replicawatches.us.com/
swarovski crystal, http://www.swarovskicrystal.com.co/
north face outlet, http://www.thenorthface.us.org/
tiffany and co, http://www.tiffanyandco.net.co/
tiffany jewelry, http://www.tiffanyjewelry.us.org/
true religion jeans, http://www.true-religion.com.co/
true religion, http://www.truereligionjeans.net.co/
ugg, http://www.uggaustralia.net.co/
ugg australia, http://www.uggboots.net.co/
uggs, http://www.uggbootsclearance.com.co/
ugg boots clearance, http://www.uggsonsale.com.co/
uggs on sale, http://www.uggsoutlet.com.co/
oakley vault, http://www.cheap-oakleysunglasses.in.net/
oakley outlet, http://www.oakleysunglassescheap.in.net/
ralph lauren outlet, http://www.ralphlaurenoutletonline.in.net/
polo ralph lauren outlet, http://www.ralphlaurenoutlet.co.com/
burberry handbags, http://www.burberryoutlet-online.in.net/
tom's shoes, http://www.toms-shoes.com.co/
toms shoes outlet, http://www.toms-outlet.in.net/
christian louboutin, http://www.christian--louboutin.in.net/
tory burch shoes, http://www.tory-burch-outlet.in.net/
gucci shoes, http://www.gucci-outlet.in.net/
long champ, http://www.longchamphandbagsoutlet.co.com/
abercrombie fitch, http://www.abercrombiekids.co.com/
hollisterco, http://www.hollisterclothing-store.in.net/
hermes bags, http://www.hermesbags.co.com/
nba jerseys, http://www.cheapjerseys.in.net/
beats by dr dre, http://www.beatsbydre.co.com/
beats audio, http://www.beatsheadphones.in.net/
straighteners, http://www.ghdhairstraightener.co.com/
ray bans, http://www.rayban-sunglasses.org.uk/
michael kors outlet, http://www.michaelkors-uk.org.uk/
michael kors bags, http://www.michaelkorshandbags.org.uk/
marc by marc jacobs, http://www.marcjacobsonsale.com/
louis vuitton uk, http://www.louis--vuitton.org.uk/
ralph lauren uk, http://www.ralphlauren-outlet.org.uk/
nike free run, http://www.nikefree-run.org.uk/
replica watches, http://www.rolex-watches.me.uk/
wedding dress, http://www.weddingdressesuk.org.uk/
pandora rings, http://www.pandora-charms.org.uk/
thomas sabo uk, http://www.thomassabo-uk.org.uk/
swarovski uk, http://www.swarovski-uk.org.uk/
louboutin, http://www.christianlouboutin.org.uk/
air huarache, http://www.air-huarache.co.uk/
nike roshe, http://www.rosherun.org.uk/
the north face, http://www.thenorth-face.org.uk/
louis vuitton, http://www.louis--vuitton.ca/
air jordan retro, http://www.airjordans.us/
air jordan retro, http://www.jordanretro.org/
air jordan, http://www.cheap-jordans.net/
nike shoes, http://www.nikefactory.org/
nike outlet, http://www.nikestore.us/
nike outlet store, http://www.cheap-nikeshoes.com/
air max 2014, http://www.nike-air-max.us/
nike air max, http://www.airmax-2015.org/
nike air max 2014, http://www.airmax-90.org/
nike running shoes, http://www.nikefree-run.net/
free running, http://www.nikefree5.net/
supra footwear, http://www.suprashoe.net/
new balance store, http://www.newbalance-outlet.org/
mont blanc pens, http://www.montblanc--pens.net/
ferragamo shoes, http://www.ferragamoshoes.net/
mcm backpack, http://www.mcm-bags.net/
bottega veneta, http://www.bottega.us/
soccer shoes, http://www.nikemercurial.net/
celine bags, http://www.celinebags.org/
nike roshe, http://www.rosheruns.us/
nike roshe run, http://www.nikerosherun.us/
vans outlet, http://www.vansshoes.us/
timberland shoes, http://www.timberland-shoes.com/
iphone 5s cases, http://www.iphone-cases.us/
baseball bats, http://www.softball-bats.us/
babyliss, http://www.babyliss-pro.net/
louis vuitton outlet stores, http://www.louisvuitton-outlets.us/
burberry, http://www.burberry-outlet.jp.net/
red bottom shoes, http://www.louboutin.jp.net/
louboutin shoes, http://www.christianlouboutinshoes.jp.net/
louis vuitton outlet online, http://www.louisvuitton.jp.net/
prada shoes, http://www.official-pradaoutlet.com/
michael kors outlet online, http://www.michaelkorsclance.com/
michael kors clearance, http://www.official-michaelkorsonline.com/
tommy hilfiger bags, http://www.tommyhilfiger.net.co/
mcm bags, http://www.mcmworldwide.ca/
moncler sale, http://www.mmoncler-outlet.com/
kate spade, http://www.kate-spades.com/
barbour outlet, http://www.barbour-factory.com/
ferragamo outlet, http://www.salvatoreferragamo.in.net/
canada goose coats, http://www.canada-gooser.com/
louis vuitton outlet stores, http://www.louisvuittonas.com/
burberry sale, http://www.burberryoutlet.org.uk/
calvin klein clothes, http://www.fashion-clothing.us.com/
north face outlet, http://www.thenorthface.so/
barbour jacket outlet, http://www.barbour-jacketsoutlet.com/
monster beats outlet, http://www.monsterbeatsbydres.net/
louis vuitton outlet, http://www.louis-vuittonblackfriday.com/
gucci shoes uk, http://www.lv-guccishoesfactory.com/
longchamp handbags, http://www.longchampsoutlet.com/
moncler coats, http://www.moncler-clearance.com/
polo ralph lauren outlet, http://www.ralphlaurentshirts.com/
gucci handbags, http://www.usahanbags.com/
beats by dre sale, http://www.beatsbydreoutlet.net/
coach outlet store online, http://www.coach-blackfriday2014.com/
coach outlet store, http://www.coachccoachoutlet.com/
coach clearance, http://www.coach-clearance.com/
michael kors handbags, http://www.michaelkorsbags.us.org/
coach factory online, http://www.coach-factories.net/
oakley, http://www.oakley.so/
hermes birkin, http://www.hermes-outletonline.com/
air jordan shoes, http://www.nike-jordanshoes.com/
woolrich jackets, http://www.woolrich-clearance.com/
coach outlet store, http://www.coachoutlet.so/
coach usa, http://www.coachoutletrusa.com/
gucci shoes, http://www.guccishoes-uk.com/
coach outlet store, http://www.uptocoachoutlet.com/
michael kors sale, http://www.michaelkors.so/
gucci outlet, http://www.guccifactorys.com/
north face jackets, http://www.the-northface.in.net/
uggs on sale, http://www.cheapuggboots.eu.com/
tory burch shoes, http://www.tory-burchoutlet.us.com/
tommy hilfiger bags, http://www.tommy-hilfigeroutlet.com/
ugg boots clearance, http://www.uggboots.so/
louis vuitton purses, http://www.louisvuitton.so/
cheap calvin kleins, http://www.calvin-kleins.com/
louboutin shoes, http://www.cheap-christianlouboutinshoes.com/
retro jordans, http://www.airjordanshoes2015.com/
baseball bats, http://www.cheapbaseballbats.net/
burberry handbags, http://burberry.outletnow.net/
louboutin shoes, http://christian.louboutin-outlet.net/
tory burch shoes, http://toryburch.salesandals.net/
indoor soccer shoes, http://www.soccer-shoes.org/
timberland outlet, http://www.timberlandboots-outlet.net/
jordan 11, http://www.retro-jordans.com/
toms shoes outlet, http://www.tomshoesoutlet.com/
Posted by coach outlet on
When [url=http://www.michaelkorsoutletonlines.us.com][b]Michael Kors Outlet[/b][/url] appointed Alessandro Michele, [url=http://www.thenorth-face.us.com][b]north face outlet[/b][/url] formerly Gucci's [url=http://www.pradahandbags.eu.com][b]prada handbags[/b][/url] head of accessories, [url=http://www.outlet-coach.us.com][b]coach outlet online[/b][/url] to be its new creative [url=http://www.chanelpurses.us.com][b]chanel handbags,chanel purses[/b][/url] director, we were [url=http://www.raybansunglassesweb.com][b]www.raybansunglassesweb.com[/b][/url] excited to see what [url=http://www.coachoutletfactoryonline.us.com][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] was to come for [url=http://www.coachoutlet-factoryonline.us.com][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] the brand's bags. Alessandro [url=http://www.michaelkorssoutlet.us.com][b]michael kors outlet[/b][/url] already had a vast understanding of Gucci accessories, [url=http://www.onlinemichaelkorsoutlet.us.com][b]michael kors outlet online[/b][/url] and [url=http://www.coachoutlet-factoryonline.us.com][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] the fit seemed perfect.[url=http://www.outletnorthface.us.com][b]www.outletnorthface.us.com[/b][/url] We love a sale, but we [url=http://www.ralphlaurenoutlets.us.com][b]ralph lauren outlet[/b][/url] love it even more when the sale goes on sale. From now [url=http://www.coachoutletstore.us.com][b]coach outlet store online[/b][/url] through June 3, our friends at yoox.com are taking a full [url=http://www.cocochanelhandbagsoutlet.com][b]chanel handbags[/b][/url] 50% off a huge selection [url=http://www.outletonlinemichaelkors.com][b]michael kors[/b][/url] of top brands, [url=http://www.michael-kors-outletonline.us.com][b]www.michael-kors-outletonline.us.com[/b][/url] and that [url=http://www.coach-outlet-online.us.com][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] includes [url=http://www.louis-vuitton-outlet-online.com][b]Louis Vuitton Outlet Online[/b][/url] literally hundreds of [url=http://www.ray-bans.us.com][b]www.ray-bans.us.com[/b][/url] handbags [url=http://www.coachoutletonlinecoachfactory.com][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] from designers like [url=http://www.marcbymarc-jacobs.com][b]www.marcbymarc-jacobs.com[/b][/url] Alexander [url=http://www.coachoutletfactorystores.us.comm][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] McQueen, [url=http://www.saclouisvuittons.com][b]Sac Louis Vuitton[/b][/url] Dolce & Gabbana, [url=http://www.coachfactoryoutlet-store.us.com][b]www.coachfactoryoutlet-store.us.com[/b][/url] Marc Jacobs and Gucci. Shop [url=http://www.coachfactoryoutletcoachoutletonline.com][b]coach factory outlet coach outlet online[/b][/url] quickly, [url=http://www.michael-kors-outletonline.us.com][b]michael kors outlet[/b][/url] though-that [url=http://www.coachoutletonlinecoachfactory.us.com][b]coach outlet online coach factory outlet[/b][/url] type of [url=http://www.raybanssunglasses.us.com][b]ray ban sunglasses[/b][/url] giant [url=http://www.raybansunglassesweb.com][b]cheap ray ban sunglasses[/b][/url] discount [url=http://www.coachoutletstores.us.org][b]coach handbags[/b][/url] doesn't [url=http://www.michaelkorsfactoryoutletonline.us.com][b]michael kors outlet online sale[/b][/url] stick around [url=http://www.louis-vuittonus.com][b]Louis Vuitton Outlet[/b][/url] for long.
Why It's the [url=http://www.outletcoach.us.com][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] Bag of the Week: [url=http://www.tiffanysandco.us.com][b]tiffany and co[/b][/url] Hindmarch [url=http://www.oakleyoutletstore.us.com][b]www.oakleyoutletstore.us.com[/b][/url] a ton of attention (and a [url=http://www.truereligionoutlets.us.com][b]true religion outlet[/b][/url] of buyers) with [url=http://www.coachfactory-outlet-online.us.com][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] big totes emblazoned [url=http://www.outlet-coach.us.com][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] logos, [url=http://www.outlet-michaelkors.us.com][b]www.outlet-michaelkors.us.com[/b][/url] but if that [url=http://www.coachfactory-outlet.us.org][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] was too much look for you, they now come in [url=http://www.louisvuitton-outletsale.com][b]Louis Vuitton Outlet[/b][/url] just-as-cute casual shoulder bags.Today's June [url=http://www.ray-bansunglasses.biz][b]www.ray-bansunglasses.biz[/b][/url] 1st, [url=http://www.truereligionjean.com][b]true religion Jeans[/b][/url] which [url=http://www.tomsshoeoutletonline.com][b]toms shoes[/b][/url] means it's [url=http://www.louisvuitton.us.org][b]Louis Vuitton[/b][/url] practically summer, and over on TalkShoes, we're [url=http://www.hermesbelt.us.com][b]hermes belts[/b][/url] currently [url=http://www.coachoutletfactoryonline.us.com][b]www.coachoutletfactoryonline.us.com[/b][/url] all kinds of summer metallics. Right now, we're in the [url=http://www.sunglassesoakley.us.com][b]cheap oakley sunglasses[/b][/url] midst [url=http://www.coachoutlet-factoryonline.us.com][b]www.coachoutlet-factoryonline.us.com[/b][/url] of sale season, [url=http://www.marcbymarc-jacobs.com][b]marc by marc jacobs[/b][/url] and we couldn't [url=http://www.outletonlinelouisvuitton.com][b]Louis Vuitton Outlet Stores[/b][/url] help but [url=http://www.michaelkors-factoryoutlet.us.com][b]michael kors outlet online[/b][/url] pick out our favorite shoes from the Net-a-Porter and [url=http://www.onlinecoachoutlet.us.com][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] sales. Who [url=http://www.sunglassesoakley.us.com][b]oakley sunglasses[/b][/url] can [url=http://www.outletgucci.us.com][b]gucci outlet[/b][/url] pull [url=http://www.sunglassesoakley.us.com][b]www.sunglassesoakley.us.com[/b][/url] off Christian Louboutin's [url=http://www.ray-bansunglasses.com][b]www.ray-bansunglasses.com[/b][/url] brightly [url=http://www.oakleyoutletstore.us.com][b]oakley outlet[/b][/url] colored [url=http://www.valentinoshoe.com][b]valentino shoes[/b][/url] sneaker pumps? No doubt it's Gwen Stefani! To ease your Monday, [url=http://www.oakleyoutletstore.us.com][b]oakley sunglasses[/b][/url] shop [url=http://www.michaelkorsoutletco.us.com][b]www.michaelkorsoutletco.us.com[/b][/url] the [url=http://www.louisvuittonoutlet-online.com][b]Louis Vuitton Outlet Online[/b][/url] 20 best shoe [url=http://www.coach-factory-outletonline.us.com][b]www.coach-factory-outletonline.us.com[/b][/url] deals [url=http://www.pradaoutlet.eu.com][b]prada outlet[/b][/url] we found [url=http://www.louisvuittonoutlet-store.com][b]Louis Vuitton Outlet[/b][/url] just for you!
What better way to [url=http://www.gucci-outlets.us.com][b]www.gucci-outlets.us.com[/b][/url] kick [url=http://www.ray-bansunglasses.mobi][b]ray ban outlet[/b][/url] off [url=http://www.coach-factory-outletonline.us.com][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] summer [url=http://www.ray-bans.us.com][b]ray ban sunglasses[/b][/url] than [url=http://www.katespadehandbags.us.com][b]kate spade handbags[/b][/url] with a [url=http://www.tomsshoeoutletonline.com][b]www.tomsshoeoutletonline.com[/b][/url] shopping [url=http://www.raybanssunglasses.us.com][b]ray-ban sunglasses[/b][/url] spree? [url=http://www.ralphlaurenpolos.us.com][b]www.ralphlaurenpolos.us.com[/b][/url] Chances [url=http://www.ray-bans.us.com][b]ray ban outlet[/b][/url] are you'll need some new [url=http://www.oakleysunglasses.com.co][b]oakley sunglasses[/b][/url] accessories to [url=http://www.coachoutletfactoryonline.us.com][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] start the new [url=http://www.marc-jacobsoutlet.com][b]marc jacobs outlet[/b][/url] season, [url=http://www.oakleyoutletsstore.us.com][b]www.oakleyoutletsstore.us.com[/b][/url] so to help you out we've partnered with Henri Bendel, [url=http://www.kate-spadesoutlet.com][b]www.kate-spadesoutlet.com[/b][/url] Thompson [url=http://www.onlinecoachoutlet.us.com][b]www.onlinecoachoutlet.us.com[/b][/url] Hotels and Hopper to give one lucky reader the trip and [url=http://www.polosralphlauren.us.com][b]www.polosralphlauren.us.com[/b][/url] shopping spree of a lifetime. Here's what [url=http://www.oakleyoutletsstore.us.com][b]oakley outlet[/b][/url] the grand prize [url=http://www.valentinoshoes.us.org][b]valentino shoes[/b][/url] winner [url=http://www.coachoutletstores.us.org][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] will receive:[url=http://www.polosralphlauren.us.com][b]Ralph Lauren outlet[/b][/url] you've transformed [url=http://www.michaelkorssoutlet.us.com][b]www.michaelkorssoutlet.us.com[/b][/url] into a [url=http://www.tomsshoeoutletonline.com][b]toms shoes outlet online[/b][/url] blushing bride, it's time [url=http://www.christianlouboutins.us.com][b]louboutin shoes[/b][/url] to start your journey over to the [url=http://www.marcjacobsoutletstores.com][b]marc jacobs outlet[/b][/url] ceremony [url=http://www.oakleysunglassesstore.us.com][b]oakley sunglasses[/b][/url] location. While it's probably not a long drive, you can still use that time to your advantage. [url=http://www.abercrombieandfitchsale.com][b]abercrombie clothes[/b][/url] Here are 7 things to consider [url=http://www.outlet-michaelkors.us.com][b]michael kors outlet[/b][/url] getting done before you [url=http://www.michaelkors-factoryoutlet.us.com][b]www.michaelkors-factoryoutlet.us.com[/b][/url] reach your [url=http://www.ray-bansunglasses.mobi][b]www.ray-bansunglasses.mobi[/b][/url] I Do destination.This season [url=http://www.burberryoutletstore.us.com][b]burberry outlet[/b][/url] forget ditsy prints and rose patterns; instead channel [url=http://www.tiffanyandcosite.com][b]tiffany and co[/b][/url] something [url=http://www.tomsoutlet.in.net][b]toms outlet[/b][/url] more exotic for a more contemporary take on the timeless floral print trend.
Looking [url=http://www.michaelkorsfactorystore.us.com][b]michael kors outlet[/b][/url] for a polished [url=http://www.truereligionoutlet.us.org][b]true religion outlet[/b][/url] office look fit [url=http://www.outletnorthface.us.com][b]the north face outlet[/b][/url] for the summer heat? Enter the sleeveless blazer. [url=http://www.coachoutletsstoreonline.cc][b]coach outlet store online[/b][/url] Much like a [url=http://www.abercrombieandfitchclothing.com][b]abercrombie and fitch[/b][/url] traditional [url=http://www.truereligion-jeans.com][b]www.truereligion-jeans.com[/b][/url] suit jacket, it [url=http://www.coachonlinestoresoutlet.com][b]coach outlet store online[/b][/url] will add the [url=http://www.coachfactory-outlet.us.org][b]www.coachfactory-outlet.us.org[/b][/url] extra office-appropriate detail that your summer [url=http://www.abercrombieandfitchoutlets.com][b]abercrombie and fitch[/b][/url] dress or trousers beg [url=http://www.giuseppezanotti.us.com][b]giuseppe zanotti[/b][/url] for, with minimal bulk.[url=http://www.celinehandbags.us.com][b]celine handbags[/b][/url] Take a cue from some [url=http://www.marcjacobsmarcjacobs.com][b]marc by marc jacobs[/b][/url] chic ladies [url=http://www.burberryoutletstore.us.com][b]www.burberryoutletstore.us.com[/b][/url] and scroll down [url=http://www.michaelkorsoutletco.us.com][b]michael kors outlet online[/b][/url] to find [url=http://www.coachfactorycoachoutlet.com][b]coach factory[/b][/url] the [url=http://www.marcsbymarcjacobs.com][b]www.marcsbymarcjacobs.com[/b][/url] three ways we're [url=http://www.pradahandbags.us.org][b]prada handbags[/b][/url] wearing our [url=http://www.cheapnikeairmaxes.com][b]www.cheapnikeairmaxes.com[/b][/url] sleeveless blazers to the office this summer.[url=http://www.coachoutletonlinebuy.com][b]coach outlet online[/b][/url] While [url=http://www.coachfactorycoachoutlet.com][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] printed dresses are tricky to style for the workplace, a sleeveless blazer does just the trick. Belted, buttoned, or loosely hanging open, the indoor [url=http://www.ray-bansunglasses.com][b]ray-ban sunglasses[/b][/url] outerwear [url=http://www.outletcoach.us.com][b]www.outletcoach.us.com[/b][/url] covers just [url=http://www.jacobsmarcjacobs.com][b]marc jacobs handbags[/b][/url] enough of [url=http://www.oakleyoutletsstore.com][b]cheap oakley sunglasses[/b][/url] the [url=http://www.oakleyglasses.us.com][b]www.oakleyglasses.us.com[/b][/url] print to [url=http://www.oakleyglasses.us.com][b]oakley sunglasses[/b][/url] subdue while exposing just enough of your fun, [url=http://www.kate-spadesoutlet.com][b]kate spade outlet[/b][/url] summery [url=http://www.raybansoutlet.us.com][b]cheap ray ban sunglasses[/b][/url] vibe.
But [url=http://www.coach-outlet-online.us.com][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] when [url=http://www.marcsbymarcjacobs.com][b]marc by marc jacobs[/b][/url] you get right down to it, the last 12 [url=http://www.kate-spadeoutletonline.com][b]kate spade outlet[/b][/url] months haven't been all that worth celebrating. In fact, they've [url=http://www.beatsbydrdre.us.com][b]cheap beats by dre[/b][/url] been quite [url=http://www.tiffanyandcosite.com][b]www.tiffanyandcosite.com[/b][/url] tough for the [url=http://www.beatsbydrdre.us.com][b]www.beatsbydrdre.us.com[/b][/url] American fashion business.Last Tuesday, rumors spread that Band of Outsiders' Scott Sternberg [url=http://www.ray-banssunglasses.com][b]ray-ban sunglasses[/b][/url] had [url=http://www.celine-handbags.com][b]celine handbags[/b][/url] laid off staff and canceled orders-[url=http://www.michaelkorsoutletsstore.cc][b]michael kors outlet online sale[/b][/url] this less than nine months after he opened a flagship store in Soho. Before the [url=http://www.michaelkorsoutletinc.us.com][b]michael kors outlet[/b][/url] week was through, [url=http://www.ray-banssunglasses.com][b]www.ray-banssunglasses.com[/b][/url] Honor's Giovanna Randall, who [url=http://www.katespadeoutletstores.us.com][b]kate spade[/b][/url] has been in [url=http://www.truereligion-jeans.com][b]true religion Jeans[/b][/url] operation six years to Band of Outsiders' [url=http://www.christianlouboutins.us.com][b]christian louboutin outlet[/b][/url] 10, [url=http://www.saclancel.com][b]sac lancel[/b][/url] announced she was closing her company's doors, too. And earlier this year it [url=http://www.coachfactoryoutlet-store.us.com][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] was [url=http://www.michaelkorsoutletonlines.us.com][b]www.michaelkorsoutletonlines.us.com[/b][/url] reported [url=http://www.burberryoutlets.us.com][b]burberry outlet[/b][/url] that [url=http://www.coach-factory-outletonline.us.com][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] the Reed Krakoff [url=http://www.beatsbydrdre.us.com][b]beats by dr dre[/b][/url] label, which [url=http://www.coachfactory-outlet-online.us.com][b]www.coachfactory-outlet-online.us.com[/b][/url] has been around [url=http://www.sacportefeuilles.com][b]bracelet hermes,sac chanel,mocassin louis vuitton,sac kelly hermes,sac celine,sac prada[/b][/url] only since 2010 but had [url=http://www.burberryoutlets.us.com][b]burberry handbags[/b][/url] the advantage, at least at first, of Coach's [url=http://www.raybansoutlet.us.com][b]ray ban outlet[/b][/url] backing, [url=http://www.tomsshoe.us.com][b]toms shoes[/b][/url] would [url=http://www.redbottomshoe.us.com][b]red bottoms shoes[/b][/url] undergo a restructuring. The details were vague, and they've only gotten vaguer in the months that have passed [url=http://www.portefeuillepascher.com][b]sac chanel[/b][/url] with no [url=http://www.ralphlaurenpolos.us.com][b]polo ralph lauren[/b][/url] updates.
There [url=http://www.oakleysunglassesstore.us.com][b]www.oakleysunglassesstore.us.com[/b][/url] have [url=http://www.hollistercoclothingstore.com][b]hollister clothing store[/b][/url] been [url=http://www.cocochanelbags.us.com][b]chanel handbags[/b][/url] designs by [url=http://www.michaelkorsoutletinc.us.com][b]www.michaelkorsoutletinc.us.com[/b][/url] Valentino [url=http://www.lunettesdesoleilrb.com][b]lunettes vue ray ban[/b][/url] and Olivier Theysken - [url=http://www.ray-bansunglasses.biz][b]ray ban outlet[/b][/url] and [url=http://www.raybansunglassesweb.com][b]ray ban sunglasses[/b][/url] last September Browne was joined by Carolina Herrera, as well as the London designers Mary Katrantzou and McQueen's [url=http://www.gucci-outlets.us.com][b]gucci handbags[/b][/url] Sarah Burton. That led to [url=http://www.raybanspascher.com][b]ray ban pas cher[/b][/url] some neat fusions; [url=http://www.coachoutletfactorystoresonline.com][b]coach outlet[/b][/url] and though [url=http://www.giuseppezanottishoe.com][b]giuseppe zanotti shoes[/b][/url] Herrera's [url=http://www.tomsshoe.us.com][b]www.tomsshoe.us.com[/b][/url] chiffons [url=http://www.ray-bansunglasses.com][b]cheap ray ban sunglasses[/b][/url] and [url=http://www.sacsportefeuille.com][b]sac chanel[/b][/url] Burton's [url=http://www.coachoutletfactorystores.us.com][b]www.coachoutletfactorystores.us.com[/b][/url] embroidery felt a [url=http://www.lunettedevuerayban.com][b]lunettes desoleil ray ban[/b][/url] little "by the book", it was canny to [url=http://www.portefeuillesac.com][b]sac chanel[/b][/url] pair [url=http://www.thenorth-face.us.com][b]www.thenorth-face.us.com[/b][/url] Katrantzou with [url=http://www.coachoutletstore.us.com][b]www.coachoutletstore.us.com[/b][/url] Justin Peck, whose work Belles-Lettres ("Fine [url=http://www.valentinoshoe.com][b]valentino shoes[/b][/url] Writing") echoed her [url=http://www.sacportefeuillepascher.com][b]sac longchamp[/b][/url] alphabet-[url=http://www.pascherhermes.com][b]sac hermes[/b][/url] pre-spring 2014 collection. [url=http://www.hermesbag.us.com][b]hermes bag[/b][/url] You were left wondering which [url=http://www.cheapnikeairmaxes.com][b]cheap nike air max[/b][/url] came [url=http://www.coachoutletonlinecoachfactory.com][b]www.coachoutletonlinecoachfactory.com[/b][/url] first: her [url=http://www.coach-outletstores.us.com][b]coach factory outlet[/b][/url] letters, [url=http://www.lunettes-rayban.com][b]lunettes ray ban[/b][/url] or his?
Posted by apple on
cheap calvin kleins, http://www.calvinklein.co.com/
celine handbags, http://www.celinebags.org/
chanel handbags, http://www.chanelhandbags.net.co/
easton bats, http://www.cheapbaseballbats.net/
christian louboutin shoes, http://www.christianlouboutinshoes.ar.com/
nfl jerseys, http://www.cheapjerseys.in.net/
cheap jordans, http://www.cheap-jordans.net/
cheap michael kors, http://www.cheapmichaelkors.us.org/
nike shoes, http://www.cheap-nikeshoes.com/
cheap oakley sunglasses, http://www.cheapoakley.us.org/
cheap oakley , http://www.cheapoakleysunglasses.ar.com/
cheap oakley sunglasses, http://www.cheap-oakleysunglasses.in.net/
cheap ray ban, http://www.cheaprayban.com.co/
boots on sale, http://www.cheapshoes.com.co/
cheap ugg boots, http://www.cheapuggboots.eu.com/
flat iron, http://www.chiflatiron.net.co/
burberry outlet, http://burberry.outletnow.net/
christian louboutin outlet, http://christian.louboutin-outlet.net/
tory burch sandals, http://toryburch.salesandals.net/
abercrombie and fitch, http://www.abercrombieand-fitch.com.co/
abercrombie and fitch, http://www.abercrombiefitch.us.com/
abercrombie, http://www.abercrombie-kids.us.com/
nike huarache, http://www.air-huarache.co.uk/
air jordan, http://www.airjordans.us/
air jordan shoes, http://www.airjordanshoes2015.com/
nike air max 2015, http://www.airmax-2015.org/
air max, http://www.airmax-90.org/
babyliss pro, http://www.babyliss-pro.net/
basketball shoes, http://www.basketballshoes.com.co/
beats by dre outlet, http://www.beatsbydrdre.co.com/
beats by dre, http://www.beatsbydre.com.co/
monster beats outlet, http://www.beats-by-dre.com.co/
beats headphones, http://www.beatsheadphones.in.net/
bottega, http://www.bottega.us/
burberry outlet online, http://www.burberryhandbags.net.co/
burberry, http://www.burberry-outlet.jp.net/
burberry outlet, http://www.burberryoutlet.org.uk/
burberry factory, http://www.burberryoutlet-online.co.com/
burberry, http://www.burberryoutlet-online.in.net/
christian louboutin, http://www.christian--louboutin.in.net/
louboutin shoes, http://www.christianlouboutin.org.uk/
christian louboutin shoes, http://www.christianlouboutinshoes.jp.net/
coach outlet online, http://www.coachfactory-outlet.co.com/
coach factory, http://www.coachfactoryoutletonline.co.com/
coach outlet usa, http://www.coach-handbags.com.co/
louis vuitton, http://www.louis--vuitton.org.uk/
vuitton handbags, http://www.louisvuitton.so/
louis vuitton outlet online, http://www.louisvuittonas.com/
louis vuitton, http://www.louisvuitton-outlet.com.co/
louis vuitton, http://www.louisvuitton-outlets.us/
marc jacobs handbags, http://www.marcjacobsonsale.com/
mcm bags, http://www.mcm-bags.net/
mcm backpack, http://www.mcmhandbags.com.co/
michael kors, http://www.michaelkors.so/
cheap michael kors, http://www.michael--kors.us.com/
michael kors bags sale, http://www.michaelkorsbags.us.org/
coach outlet, http://www.coachoutlet-online.com.co/
coach store online, http://www.coachoutletstore.net.co/
coach outlet, http://www.coachoutletstore-online.com.co/
chanel sunglasses, http://www.coco-chanelbags.com.co/
converse shoes, http://www.converse.net.co/
coach handbags, http://www.designerhandbagsoutlet.com.co/
eyeglasses online, http://www.eyeglassesonline.us.com/
eyeglass frames, http://www.eyeglassframes.us.com/
burberry clothes, http://www.fashion-clothing.us.com/
salvatore ferragamo, http://www.ferragamo.com.co/
ferragamo shoes, http://www.ferragamoshoes.net/
hair straightener, http://www.ghdhairstraightener.com.co/
gucci shoes outlet, http://www.gucci.me.uk/
gucci handbags, http://www.guccihandbags.com.co/
gucci factory, http://www.gucci-outlet.in.net/
gucci outlet, http://www.gucci--outlet.com.co/
gucci shoes, http://www.guccishoes.net.co/
gucci shoes, http://www.guccishoes.us.org/
hermes, http://www.hermesbags.com.co/
hermes birkin, http://www.hermesbirkin.com.co/
hermes outlet online, http://www.hermesoutlet.net.co/
hollister, http://www.hollister.us.org/
hollister clothing, http://www.hollisterclothing-store.in.net/
insanity workout, http://www.insanityworkout.net.co/
iphone cases, http://www.iphone-cases.us/
jimmy choo, http://www.jimmychoo.net.co/
jordan retro, http://www.jordanretro.org/
jordan shoes, http://www.jordan-shoes.com.co/
juicy couture outlet, http://www.juicycouture.com.co/
juicy couture handbags, http://www.juicycoutureoutlet.net.co/
kate spade, http://www.kate-spade.com.co/
kate spade handbags, http://www.katespade-outlet.com.co/
kate spade outlet online, http://www.kate-spades.com/
longchamp, http://www.longchamp.us.org/
longchamp handbags, http://www.longchamp.com.co/
louboutin, http://www.louboutin.jp.net/
louis vuitton canada, http://www.louis-vuittoncanada.ca/
louis vuitton bags, http://www.louisvuitton.jp.net/
michael kors, http://www.michaelkorshandbags.org.uk/
michael kors outlet online, http://www.michael-kors-handbags.us.com/
michael kors outlet, http://www.michaelkorsoutlet.ar.com/
michael kors outlet, http://www.michael-kors-outlet.us.org/
michael kors outlet online, http://www.michaelkorsoutlet-online.ar.com/
michael kors outlet online sale, http://www.michael-kors-outlet-online.us.org/
michael kors outlet store, http://www.michaelkorsoutletonline-sale.us.com/
michael kors uk, http://www.michaelkors-uk.org.uk/
mont blanc pens, http://www.montblanc--pens.net/
new balance, http://www.newbalance-outlet.org/
nike air max, http://www.nike-air-max.us/
nike factory, http://www.nikefactory.org/
nike free, http://www.nikefree5.net/
nike free run, http://www.nikefree-run.net/
nike free, http://www.nikefree-run.org.uk/
air jordans, http://www.jordanrelease-dates.com/
nike mercurial, http://www.nikemercurial.net/
nike roshe, http://www.nikerosherun.us/
nike outlet store, http://www.nikestore.us/
north face, http://www.northface.us.org/
north face clearance, http://www.northfaceoutlet.com.co/
oakley outlet, http://www.oakleyoutlet.us.org/
oakley sunglasses, http://www.oakley-sunglasses.us.org/
oakley sunglasses cheap, http://www.oakleysunglassescheap.in.net/
oakley sunglasses, http://www.oakleysunglassesoutlet.com.co/
omega watches, http://www.omegawatches.us.com/
pandora charms, http://www.pandora-charms.org.uk/
pandora jewelry, http://www.pandorajewelry.com.co/
polo outlet, http://www.polo-outlets.com/
prada outlet, http://www.pradahandbags.net.co/
prada handbags, http://www.pradahandbags.com.co/
prada outlet, http://www.pradashoes.com.co/
ralph lauren uk, http://www.ralph-lauren.org.uk/
polo ralph lauren outlet, http://www.ralphlaurenoutlet.us.com/
ralph lauren, http://www.ralphlauren-outlet.org.uk/
ralph lauren shirts, http://www.ralphlaurenoutletonline.com.co/
ralph lauren outlet, http://www.ralphlaurenoutletonline.in.net/
polo ralph lauren, http://www.ralphlaurenpolo.in.net/
ray ban outlet, http://www.ray-ban-outlet.us.com/
ray bans, http://www.raybans.us.org/
ray ban sunglasses, http://www.rayban-sunglasses.org.uk/
ray-ban sunglasses, http://www.rayban-sunglasses.us.org/
ray ban sunglasses outlet, http://www.raybansunglassesoutlet.net.co/
ray ban wayfarer, http://www.raybanwayfarer.in.net/
replica handbags, http://www.replicahandbags.com.co/
rolex watches, http://www.replicawatches.us.com/
retro jordans, http://www.retro-jordans.com/
rolex watches, http://www.rolex-watches.me.uk/
nike roshe, http://www.rosherun.org.uk/
roshe run, http://www.rosheruns.us/
salvatore ferragamo, http://www.salvatoreferragamo.in.net/
soccer shoes, http://www.soccer-shoes.org/
baseball bats, http://www.softball-bats.us/
supra shoes, http://www.suprashoe.net/
swarovski crystal, http://www.swarovskicrystal.com.co/
swarovski jewelry, http://www.swarovskijewelry.com.co/
swarovski, http://www.swarovski-uk.org.uk/
the north face, http://www.the-northface.com.co/
the north face jackets, http://www.the-northface.in.net/
north face, http://www.thenorth-face.org.uk/
wedding dresses, http://www.weddingdressesuk.org.uk/
yoga pants, http://www.yogapants.com.co/
ugg boot sale, http://www.ugg-boots.us.org/
polo ralph lauren outlet, http://www.poloralphlaurenoutlet.net.co/
burberry outlet online, http://www.burberryoutletonline.ar.com/
toms outlet, http://www.toms-outlet.net.co/
michaelkors.com, http://www.michaelkors.in.net/
christian louboutin, http://www.christianlouboutinoutlet.net.co/
tory burch sale, http://www.toryburchsale.com.co/
prada outlet, http://www.pradaoutlet.com.co/
longchamp handbags, http://www.longchamp-handbags.in.net/
longchamp outlet, http://www.longchampoutlet.com.co/
chanel bags, http://www.chanel-bags.com.co/
true religion outlet, http://www.truereligion-outlet.us.org/
abercrombie and fitch kids, http://www.abercrombie-and-fitch.us.com/
hollister clothing, http://www.hollisterclothing.in.net/
new balance shoes, http://www.newbalance-shoes.org/
converse shoes, http://www.converse--shoes.net/
lululemon outlet, http://www.lululemonoutlet.com.co/
nfl jerseys, http://www.nfl-jerseys.in.net/
cheap jerseys, http://www.cheapjerseys.us.org/
rolex watches, http://www.rolex-watches.us.com/
rolex watches for sale, http://www.rolexwatchesforsale.us.com/
p90x workout, http://www.p90xworkout.in.net/
giuseppe zanotti, http://www.giuseppezanotti.com.co/
mac cosmetics, http://www.maccosmetics.net.co/
instyler ionic styler, http://www.instyler.in.net/
mizuno wave, http://www.mizunorunning.net/
designer handbags, http://www.handbagsoutlet.com.co/
tommy hilfiger, http://www.hilfigeroutlet.in.net/
ed hardy, http://www.edhardy.in.net/
levi's jeans, http://www.levisjeans.com.co/
bcbg max, http://www.bcbgdresses.net/
bebe dresses, http://www.bebeclothing.net/
harrods, http://www.harrods-london.co.uk/
north face outlet, http://www.thenorthface.us.org/
north face outlet, http://www.thenorthfacejackets.in.net/
thomas sabo, http://www.thomassabo-uk.org.uk/
tiffany and co, http://www.tiffanyandco.net.co/
tiffany jewelry, http://www.tiffanyjewelry.us.org/
timberland outlet, http://www.timberlandboots-outlet.net/
timberland boots, http://www.timberland-shoes.com/
tommy hilfiger outlet, http://www.tommyhilfiger.net.co/
tommy hilfiger kids, http://www.tommy-hilfigeroutlet.com/
toms shoes outlet, http://www.tomshoesoutlet.com/
toms outlet, http://www.toms-outlet.in.net/
uggs on sale, http://www.uggsonsale.com.co/
uggs outlet, http://www.uggsoutlet.com.co/
coach outlet, http://www.uptocoachoutlet.com/
vans shoes, http://www.vansshoes.us/
gucci outlet, http://www.guccishoes.com.co/
ralph lauren outlet online, http://www.ralphlaurenoutletonline.us.org/
toms shoes, http://www.toms-shoes.com.co/
tory burch outlet, http://www.tory-burch-outlet.in.net/
tory burch outlet, http://www.tory-burchoutlet.us.com/
true religion, http://www.true-religion.com.co/
true religion jeans, http://www.truereligionjeans.net.co/
true religion outlet, http://www.truereligion-outlet.com.co/
ugg australia, http://www.uggaustralia.net.co/
ugg boots, http://www.uggboots.net.co/
ugg boots clearance, http://www.uggbootsclearance.com.co/
Posted by Ralph Lauren Outlet on
http://www.official-cheapjerseys.com/ Cheap Jerseys
http://oakleysunglassesoutlet.name/ Oakley Sunglasses
http://www.ray-bansunglasses.ca/ Ray-Ban Sunglasses
http://oakleyoutletstore.net.co/ Oakley Outlet
http://nfljerseyswhosale.us.com/ nfl jerseys
http://oakleysunglassescheap.net.co/ Oakley Sunglasses Cheap
http://www.ray-bansunglasses.cc/ Ray-Ban Sunglasses
http://ray-bansunglasses.top/ Ray Ban Sunglasses
http://www.raybanoutletstoresonline.net/ Ray Ban Outlet
http://www.ralphlaurenoutletstoreonline.com/ Ralph Lauren Outlet
http://www.raybanoutletsunglasses.org/ ray ban outlet
http://poloralphlaurenoutletstore.net/ Polo Ralph Lauren Outlet
Leave a Reply



(Your email will not be publicly displayed.)



Posted by:

Share: